Radical 33-1 麥Mài, wheat
" He who sows the good grain, has good bread.
When the grain is in the fields, is all of them ! "
“We are used to having good, fresh, fragrant bread on our tables every day. Do you know where bread comes from? In a way it comes
from its own plant ! ”
The pictogram for this character麥Mài, wheat, depicts the heavy ears of wheat hanging downwards. The lower part depicts a raised heel, which is used to indicate movement and therefore the wheat that is ripening.
Wheat was introduced into China from Western Asia around 5000 years ago.Before that, rice and millet were the most widely cultivated crops in both the north and the south of China.
The cultivation of wheat was not easy because its cultivation initially went against local customs but after many years, it became one of the most widely cultivated crops.
Cold dew (寒露Hánlù,) is the expression ( *節氣 Jiéqì), which marks the passing from the heat of the summer to the cool of the autumn.
As the proverb says:
Qiūfēn dào hánlù, zhǒng mài bù yánwù
"From Autumn equinox to Cold dew, the wheat must be planted without delay ".
Autumn equinox to Cold dew means approximately the period from 23rd September until 8th October. The typical climate is hot during the day and cold at night. The ground is humid and these are good conditions for the cultivation of wheat. The wheat harvest represents a solution to the summer food shortage. It therefore has a very important role
in Chinese history.
climatic change depends on how much heat the earth receives from the sun and therefore the earth’s orbit round the sun. This is divided into 24 segments 節Jié and 氣qì, refer to temperature variations. Consequently, the earth moves 360 degrees around the sun divided into solar
cycles of 15 degrees.
The 365 days of the year are divided into 24 segments. This is like dividing the four seasons into smaller 15-day cycles.
In China, the 24 solar periods have are carefully considered in peoples’ daily lives, above all by people involved in agriculture, a resource developed over thousands of years; a precious cultural heritage recognised by UNESCO.
©兒童手搏文創Kids Shou Bo Arte Cultura & Saggezza Cinese
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